The Apostle Paul
Paul saw himself as straddling the past and the future, the Jews and the Gentiles, the old covenant and the new. How did Paul, a Pharisaic Jew, become the champion of Christianity?

Paul’s Understanding of Jesus
Paul believed that in Jesus, God’s future for Israel had arrived. In Jesus, the God of Israel was personally present. In Jesus, God had come to defeat the powers of the world. How did Paul, a monotheistic Jew, come to believe that Jesus was divine?

God’s New Creation
Paul believed that in Jesus, God had brought the future redemption into the present. In Jesus, the new Exodus from slavery to freedom had arrived. What did Paul mean by this?

Paul’s View of Resurrection
esus’ followers were to be, in the midst of the Roman Empire, a colony for God’s kingdom on earth. At the end of the age, all they would be changed. But changed into what?

God’s New People
Paul tells his readers in Galatia and in Rome that God had declared those “in Christ” to be justified and declared righteous. How were God’s “redeemed” to live and act? What instructions does Paul give to his churches and followers?

Paul For Today
ccording to Paul, in the person of Jesus, the new eschatological age had arrived. Then why is God’s creation still groaning and suffering? What is Paul’s word for today?



The Four Gospels
An introduction to the gospels--authorship, when and where written, and sources - and why they were written and the stories they tell.

Matthew: The Scriptures are Fulfilled!
Matthew tells his readers that Jesus fulfilled the Old Testament messianic prophecies--and also fulfilled Israel’s ‘story.’ Matthew’s Jesus is Emmanuel -- “God-with-us.”

Mark: Read this Quickly!
Mark’s gospel is a revolutionary tract written for Christians hiding in the catacombs in Rome and on the run. Mark’s Jesus is the Son of God for all who have eyes to see and ears to hear.

Luke: The Kingdom of God is the True Empire.
Luke writes as an historian and connects Jesus’ story with events in history and in the world. Rome ruled the world, but now a new king has come: Jesus of Nazareth.

John: On a Clear Day You Can See Forever.
John’s gospel is very different from the other three in terms of content, style and christology. John’s Jesus is very clear about who he is and about his mission.

Many Gospels, One Jesus.
The gospels explain the meaning of Jesus’ crucifixion and death. They all say, in different ways, that in Jesus the living God of the universe was present on earth as a human being, and that in his death and resurrection he dealt with the plight of Israel, the plight of the world and the plight of every individual.



The Historical Jesus
Who was Jesus? What was his message? Why was he put to death? What are scholars today saying about Jesus?

Jesus: The Resurrected Messiah
Most messianic movements ended with the death of their founder. Why did the Jesus movement survive – not only survive, but flourish? What did Jesus’ followers mean when they said that Jesus was “raised from the dead”?

The Jewish Understanding of Resurrection
What did first-century Jews believe about resurrection? What caused Jesus’ (Jewish) followers to come to a different understanding of “resurrection”?

Paul’s Understanding of Jesus’ Resurrection
For Paul, Jesus’ resurrection was the first fruits of the new creation – and all who are “in Christ” will be raised like him, though their resurrection bodies will be different than their earthly bodies. What does Paul say about our to–be– resurrected bodies?

The Gospel Writers’ Understanding of Jesus’ Resurrection
Are the Gospels’ witness to Jesus’ resurrection credible? Are they in conflict with each other?

Jesus’ Resurrection Today
It is hard to account for the rise in Christianity if Jesus was not raised from the dead. What about today? How are we to understand Jesus’ resurrection?



Paul’s Letter to the Romans
Paul’s letter to the Romans stands like Shakespeare’s Hamlet or Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony: the master-work of a master craftsmen. In this letter, Paul creates a tradition of Christian thought where none had existed before.

Romans 1-4: God’s Justice Revealed in Christ
aul believed that God’s purpose is to bring order and celebration to all of creation, which has been distorted because humankind, like Adam and Eve, worships the creature rather than the creator.

Romans 5-8: God’s New Exodus in Christ
God’s action in Christ is the new exodus. Through Adam’s disobedience, sin came into the world; through Christ’s obedient faithfulness to God’s saving plan, the effect of Adam’s disobedience has been reversed.

Romans 9-11: God’s Faithfulness to Israel
God’s promises to Abraham have been fulfilled in Christ--not for ethnic Israel, but for all people--which is being accomplished through the ongoing work of the Holy Spirit.

Romans 12-16: God’s People in God’s World
Paul tells his readers how to live as Christians in pagan Rome: by presenting themselves as visible, living witnesses to God. He ends the letter with greetings to his many friends in Rome.

Romans Then and Now
The main theme of Romans is God’s plan to redeem the world, which was accomplished in and through Jesus’ death and resurrection. The gospel--the good news--has the power to bring people to faith, and so to justification, and to challenge the principalities and powers of the world.


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